|Illinois Department of Natural Resources Cultural Resource Management Program, Abandoned Mined Lands Reclamation Cultural Resources Evaluation: Crescent Coal Company Mine No. 2 (Groveland Coal Company Mine No. 2), Creve Coeur, Tazewell County, Illinois.|
During the summer of 2004, Fever River Research conducted a Phase II archaeological survey of the Crescent Coal Company Mine No. 2 Site, an abandoned coal mining property that was in operation between 1918 and 1931 and was one of the largest mines in Tazewell County, Illinois. This investigation was done for the Illinois Department of Natural Resources prior to the site being reclaimed. The survey of the mine site resulted in the documentation of a number of structural features associated with this early twentieth century mining facility. Most notably, it allowed the recordation of an extant fan engine house and the preliminary assessment of features believed to be associated with miners’ housing. A historic map illustrates a small mining community comprised of thirty-four houses and one store located directly adjacent to the mine. Company towns such as that found at Crescent Mine No. 2 have a great potential for contributing to our understanding of miners’ lifestyles and material culture. Unfortunately, such sites have been poorly documented archaeologically in Illinois.
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